Referat: Lebenslauf - William Shakespeare und Entstehung seines Stücks Hamlet Lebenslauf Shakespeare William Shakespeare wurde in einem revolutionärem Zeitalter geboren. Getauft wurde er am 26. April 1564 in Stratfort-upon-­Avo­n. Seine Eltern John Shakespeare und Mary Arden waren sehr wohlhabend. Sein Vater war Handschuhmacher und wurde zum Stadtrat gewählt. Williams Kindheit wurde geprägt durch katholische Geschichten aus der Bibel. Shakespeare liebte die Welt der mittelalterlich­en Könige und Königinnen, was sich später auch in seinen Werken widerspiegelte. Als er sieben Jahre alt war begann er in die Schule zu gehen, wo er Latein lernte. Zu dieser Zeit befand sich England in einer Bildungsrevolut­ion­, was sehr prägend war. Als Shakespeare ein wenig älter war begann für ihn eine schwere und traurige Zeit. Der Vater von William wurde angezeigt, da die Familie ihr Geld mit dem illegalem Handel von Schafs Wolle verdiente. Dies hatte zur Folge das seine Eltern den Familienbesitz verkaufen mussten und sein Vater aus dem Stadtrat geworfen wurde. Zu allem Übel verstarb zu dieser Zeit Shakespeares Schwester. Nach dieser schweren Zeit die von Trauer geprägt war, musste William die Schule vorzeitig ..
The Globe Theater
The Golden Playhouse, or better known as the Golden Globe Theater was the theater used by Shakespeare. From a top-down perspective it resembled a circle.
In the circle it had a yard and no roof, mostly because it was impossible in that time to lighten up a room without natural light. On the other sides it had stands where the audience would sit. These stands where three stories high and above it there would be a roof. There was a total of five stands. These represented nearly 3/4 of the circle. The last 1/4 is the tiring house, where the actors could change.
Then there was the stage of the theatre which took a part of the yard in the middle of the theatre. The stage had two different trap doors. One that reached from below the stage, the so called „stage trap“ and one trap that reached the stage from above, the so called „heavens trap“. Outside of the circle were two stairwells, that led into the upper stands. Behind the stage was the back-stage area and one floor above it were the dressing rooms.
Between the stage and the dressing rooms was the gallery, which was often used by musicians or was a part of the play (like Romeo and Juliet). Above the stage was a hut in which machines where stored that for example lowered enthroned gods to the stage. Above the dressing room was the storage of the theatre. In front of the main entrance was the yard and the stage.
If you would turn sideways there would be the entrance to the lowest stand. The stands which were the nearest to the stage where called the „Gentleman’s/ the Lady’s rooms“. In between the wall of the theatre and the stand on the first and second floor was a corridor which allowed better trespassing through the theatre.
The theatre business in the Elizabethan Age was quite complex and resembled in many aspects modern major events like concerts and operas.
Performances were preceded by extensive marketing operations; the performed plays were brought to people’s attention by handbills as well as the use of clarion calls. Some of the performed plays lasted multiple hours and represented d.....[read full text]
After the Globe Theatre burned down in 1599 it was rebuilt in 1613 but then closed by the Puritans in 1642. About 4 centuries, in 1997, later the Globe was rebuilt 200 yards away from its original position and inaugurated by the Queen herself to open it for the public.
Today every summer plays are performed there with actors wearing authentic clothing. The builders had a lot of struggle rebuilding it accurately because not a lot of documents that describe the shape completely are in existence. A lot of people have worked on reconstructing the Building, with methods like analyzing old Paintings of the Globe and comparing angles t.....