Referat Nepal Gymnasium Unterstufe Inhaltsverzeich­nis 1. Allgemeines 2 2. Klima 3 3. Geschichte 3 4. Wirtschaft 5 5. Politik 6 6. Gliederung des Landes Nepal 7 7. Religion in Nepal 8 8. Nepals Städte 9 9. Sehenswürdigkei­ten­ 10 10. Aktuelles 2010 11 11. Quellenverzeich­nis 12 1. Allgemeines Fläche: ca. 147.000 km² Bevölkerungsdic­hte­: 192 EW pro km² Einwohner: ca. 29 Mio. ­ Hauptstadt: Kathmandu Amtssprache: Nepalesisch ­ Regierungsform: Parlamentarisch­e Monarchie Staatsoberhaupt­: Ram Baran Yadav Regierungschef: Madhav Kumar Nepal Nepal ist eines der gebirgigsten Länder der Erde: Acht der insgesamt 14 Achttausenderli­ege­n in Nepal, so auch der höchst Berg der Welt, der Mount Everest. Er ist 8850m hoch. Nepal ist das höchstgelegene Land der Welt, über 40 Prozent des Landes liegen über 3000 MeterSeehöhe. Nepal befindet sich in Asien. Von den 147.000 km² sind 143.00km² Landfläche und die restlichen 4.000km² sind Binnengewässer. Nepal liegt zwischen den beiden bevölkerungsrei­chs­ten Staaten der Erde: Es grenzt im norden an China und im Süden an Indien. 2. Klima Aufgrund der abwechslungsrei­che­n Topografie kann sich das Wetter von einer Region zur anderen stark unterscheiden. In der Regel steigt der Niederschlag und fällt die Temperatur mit zunehmender Höhe. Der warme Monsun zwischen Juli und Oktober beeinflusst das
The Cuckoo’s Calling Book report Table of contents Author 3 Plot 4 Characters 5 3.1 Cormoran Strike 5 3.2 Robin Ellacott 5 3.3 John Bristow 5 Detective Novel 6 Personal Review 7 Author The front cover of the book tells us that the much unknown Robert Galbraith is the author of The Cuckoo’s Calling, but J.K. Rowling revealed in July 2013 that she actually wrote the book under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith. She didn’t want to let people know that the novel was her act, because Rowling “yearned to go back to the beginning of her writing career in this new genre, to work without hype or expectations and to receive totally unvarnished feedback”. She would have liked to keep Robert Galbraith’s real identity as a secret for longer but in less than 3 months after the book release, it leaked through journalists to the public. Rowling herself is a British author who got quite famous for the seven fantasy novels of the Harry Potter series which became bestsellers all over the world. She is 48 years old, has two kids and is one of the most influential authors on earth. Plot The private detective business is not going too well for Comoran Strike. He only got one loyal client left and is deep in the red. After his girlfriend Charlotte leaves Strike for another man he gets kicked out of his own apartment and has to move into his office. How lucky for Strike that the rich lawyer John Bristow hires him to reinvestigate the supposed suicide
INTO THIN AIR (JON KRAKAUER)
The main title of my English Book for our book report is „Into thin air“, though this book also has the subtitle „A personal account of the Everest disaster”.
So, as we could suspect, this book is about an expedition to the top of the world’s highest mountain Everest which ends in a disaster. The book was published by Villard Books, a co-publisher of the famous publisher Random House, one of the largest publishing companies of the world. “Into thin air” is written in 281 pages and in the middle of the book you can find eight pages with photos of the described Everest expedition.
It is organized in 21 chapters and each chapter contains a subtitle that tells general information about this chapter. For better imagination I want to make an example: Chapter 11, Everest Base Camp…….May 6, 1996….…17600 feet.
The cover of this book shows the peak of Mount Everest and one climber reaching the summit of our world’s highest mountain.
There are many other more popular book covers and also the second subtitle “Death on Everest” is important for the story of this book.
The author of this book, Jon Krakauer, is a journalist for an adventure magazine called “Outside” from Seattle, the biggest city
in the state of Washington in the USA.
He was born 1954 in America and discovered his appeal to mountaineering at the age of eight. By climbing higher and higher mountains all over the world he became a professional climber but still worked as a journalist in his hometown Seattle. Other famous books of him are Iceland, Eiger Dreams and Into the Wild.
In his book he also explains how he got the chance to fly to Mount Everest as a journalist to write an article about an Everest expedition.
Basically the action of this book is a half-year-long cutout of Jon Krakauer’s exciting life and written like a diary. So Jon Krakauer is the main character and calles himself “I” in the book, which is also called Autobiography. He wrote the book in the end of the year 1996 and the beginning of 1997, just after returning from the expedition on Mount Everest.
Jon Krakauer did not take notice of his friend’s and other climber’s advice and published the book 1997, only a few months after the big disaster on Everest.
Other expeditions in spring 1996 of less importance are the Gillivray Freeman IMAX/IWERKS Expedition, the Taiwanese National Expedition, the Alpine Ascents International Guided Expedition, the International Commercial Expedition, the Himalayan Guides Commercial Expedition, the New Zealand-Malaysian Guided Pumori Expedition, the American Commercial Pumori/Lhotse Expedition and the Johannesburg Sunday Times Expedition, whose guide Bruce Herrod from Great Britain also dies in 1996.
The two groups of climbers, called Japanese-Fukuoka Everest Expedition and Indo-Tibetan Border Police Everest Expedition are climbing Everest from the other side of the mountain, from Tibet.
Another interesting fact is, that there are also so-called solo expeditions, like the Swedish Solo Expedition or the Norwegian Solo Expedition, which means that only one professional climber from this country wants to reach the summit on his own.
However, the most important expeditions to climb the world’s highest mountain are two charitable organisations: For the cleaning of the mountain the Nepali Everest Cleaning Expedition is responsible and emergency doctors you will find at the Himalayan Rescue Association Clinic in the village of Pheriche.
At the airport in Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal, he first meets Andy Harris, one guide of Rob Hall’s expedition team, who waits at the airport for most of Rob Hall’s clients. Later, at the Garunda Hotel, which Rob Hall had booked for the clients, Jon meets Rob Hall and all clients compare his with their own ascents. Two days after arriving in Kathmandu, on March 31st 1996, the whole expedition team climbs into a helicopter to get to a little village called Lukla at the height of 9186 feet.
On the way from there towards Base Camp Jon evaluates the climbing skills and experience of the other clients and gets to know them better, so for example he strikes up a friendship with Doug Hansen, a postal worker.
The group of climbers have no big problems on this trekking way in the famous Khumbu Glacier, but because they all have just arrived from sea level they have to acclimatize for some days taking a break from walking. Finally the team reaches Everest Base Camp at the height of 17600 feet on the 12th of Ap.....
But suddenly after one night at Camp Two, when they want to continue to the Camp Three, the effective temperature is forty degrees below zero because of a strong wind. Instead of descending from there the team carries on climbing and only stops after a call of their guide Rob Hall to get down. The climbers of the expedition turn back at the so-called Lhotse Face at the height of 23400 feet with a little frostbite, which is only 600 feet below the third Camp and then reaches down back to Base Camp.
Now the expedition leader and head guide Rob Hall thinks that his team members gained the necessary experience and they discuss their summit plan.
He makes sure if the schedule is restful enough for all of his clients and if they have got all information for the final ascent of Mount Everest they will need.
On the 6th of May 1996 the expedition team leaves Base Camp for the last time, in attempt to reach the summit of Mount Everest.
On their way to Camp Two they meet the Swedish climber Göran Kropp coming down from South Summit, a couple of feet below the top of the mountain. When he tells the expedition group that he has returned because he feels exhausted, Rob Hall mentions his great decision and praises him as a hero.
At Camp Two the group unexpectedly meets the Mountain Madness team with their guide Scott Fischer and they climb up t.....
Back at the Camp Jon finds out that the guide Scott Fisher and some of his climbers are missing since one day.
The next days all climbers who have arrived at the Camp search for their teammates and guides and find most of them, including the guides Scott Fischer, Rob Hall, Andy Harris, Bruce Herrod and Chen Yu-Nan, dead.
When they decide to descend to Base Camp, Jon notices that only half of the ascended climbers are descending now. After a short section of walking, the group learns that some climbers cannot get down to Base Camp on their own because of injuries or frostbite. So Jon Krakauer organises a helicopter for them and then walks down to Base Camp on his own.
Some hours after he checks in at Base Camp, the rest of his expedition group leaves the camp with him and returns to Namche Bazaar, the village where they wait for their flight to Kathmandu.
In the last chapter of the book Jon highlights the aftereffects of this Mount Everest disaster expedition, like depressions or the dissolving of lots of relati.....