Important women of the 1950s Simone de Beauvoir - French Simone de Beauvoir was a French philosopher and social theorist. She wrote very popular travel diaries about the US and China, published essays especially in the 1950s and 1960s. She was a feminist who decided not to marry or have any children which favoured her academic career. Her most influential work for the feminist society was The Second Sex. In the midest of an abstract discussion it is vexing to hear a man say: ‛You think thus and so because you are a woman’ ; but I know my only defense is to reply: ‛ I think thus and so because it’s true,’ thereby removing my subjective self from the argument. It would be out of question to reply: ‛And you think the contrary because you are a man,‛for it is understood that the fact of being a man is no peculiarity. ( Women, the family and freedome, Vol. II, p. 422 ) To explain the social situation between men and women she calls men “The One” and women “The Other” which already points out quite well the harsh border between the two sexes. She compares women with strangers and foreign people, furthermore she compares their situation with the ones of social groups: to are “lower class” for the priviliged. But she indicates that the above mentioned examples were minorities, women are no minority. According to her there are “as many women as men on earth”. (p. 424)
English Presentation Dominic Schärf &
Definition:biological diversity in an environment as indicated by numbers of different species of plants and animals.
New species get discovered every day.
Especially in the Amazon Area. Scientists think that the Earth has between 1,75 mill. and 13 mill. different species of plants and animals.
There is an international red list by the World Conservation Union and which shows how many species of plants and animals are in danger of getting extinct. Today around 80.000 different species are marked on that list.
What’s destroying biodiversity?
We are! The Humans! As the human population increases every day, wild areas are getting destroyed to create farmland, housing and industrial sites.
The first step of destruction:
Deforestation. Round 30 mill. hectares of forests– that’s the geological area of Britain and Ireland – were globally lost in 2016 and round 18 mill. hectares of forests are lost each year.
This also enhances Climate change.
Changes in climate throughout our planet’s history have changed life on Earth in the long run – ecosystems have come and gone and species routinely go naturally extinct.
But the rapid, manmade climate change speeds up the process, without affording ecosystems and species enough time to adapt.
For example, rising ocean temperatures affect marine biodiversity and can shift vegetation zones, having global implications. Overall, climate is a major factor in the distribution of species across the globe. The climate change forces them to adjust. But many are not able to cope, causing them to die out.