<
>
swopdoc logo
Download
a) trade for free
b) buy for 10.72 $
Document category

Final thesis
Environmental Sciences

University, School

Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz - KFU

Grade, Teacher, Year

Bednar-Friedl 2011

Author / Copyright
Text by Auguste F. ©
Format: PDF
Size: 3.19 Mb
Without copy protection
Rating [details]

Rating 3.5 of 5.0 (9)
Networking:
0/0|0[0.0]|0/8







More documents
Von: Salzburg, am 20.12.2013 Table of contents 1. What is “The Simpsons”? 3 2. Matt Groening 3 3. The Simpsons family 4 3.1 Homer Jay Simpson 4 3.2 Marjorie Simpson 5 3.3 Bart Simpson 6 3.4 Lisa Simpson 6 3.5 Maggie Simpson 7 3.6 Grampa Simpson 7 3.7 The Simpson’s pets 8 3.7.1 Santas Little Helper 8 2.7.2 Snowball Series 8 4. Springfield 9 5. About the episodes 12 5.1 The development of an episode/facts 12 5.2 Treehouse of Horror 13 6. Characteristics 14 Social criticism in the comic series 16 8. Little known facts 18 1. What is “The Simpsons”? “The Simpsons” is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company. It is a satirical parody of the middle class American lifestyle embodied by its titular family consisting of Homer, Marge, Bart, Lisa and Maggie Simpson. The show is set in the fictional town “Springfield“. It’s peculiarity and probably the reason why it’s so popular is, that this series lampoons various aspects of the human condition, as well as television itself, society as a whole, and, above all, American culture. First of all I’m going to try to introduce the most important members of the family, their inventor Matt Groening and some other important details to you, so maybe you can understand why “The Simpsons” became the longest-running American sitcom ever. 2. Matt Groening Matt Groening (pronounced like Graining) was born on the 15th of February

At the moment they have lots of problems. Most of the people cannot afford the electric cars because of the low salary in China. The other problem is that they have now a lack of energy – how should they supply the population and the electric cars?

So the main question is: Where do they get the energy for the electric cars?

Future of Electric Cars

When we look to the future, no one can deny that a change in the global energy system has to come. Especially the fast growing need for energy in the transportation sector all over the world in conjunction with the decreasing fossil fuel production is disturbing. In this context the current actions in the segment of electric cars are quite comforting.

Seeing that even China with it’s bad reputation in environmental questions is highly motivated to drive renewable energy production forward – even if this is just on the papers so far –, brings hope. With the highly increasing car ownership in China that comes hand in hand with the income and wealth increase of the people China is the perfect role model for the future electric car market.

As we already found out, electric cars alone cannot change transportation into a more environment friendly and cleaner state. The distribution and adoption of electric cars in the market are only the first steps towards sustainability. The change in the power generation has to follow. As we can see in the example of China, the energy production is still mainly based on fossil and non renewable resources.

Only if world economy can keep up with the current renewability trend and adapts new power production methods the usage of electric cars can lead to a better and healthie.....[read full text]

This paragraph has been concealed!Download the complete document
DownloadAsia’s hunger for energy - Managing the global energy challenges
Click on download to get complete and readable text
• This is a free of charge document sharing network
Upload a document and get this one for free
• No registration necessary, gratis

3+;†∞ ;≈ †+∞ ;≈⊇∞≈†+;∋† ≤+∞≈†+;∞≈ ∞†∞≤†+;≤ ≤∋+≈ ∋+∞ ⊥++∋+†∞⊇ ∋++∞ ∋≈⊇ ∋++∞ †+≠∋+⊇≈ †∞≠∞++ ∋≈⊇ ⊥+∞≈†;⊥∞ ⊥++⊇≈, ;≈ ∞∋∞+⊥;≈⊥ ∋∋+∂∞†≈ †;∂∞ 0+;≈∋ †+∞ ∞-≤∋+ ≈†∋≈⊇≈ †++ †+∞ +≈†+ ⊥+≈≈;+;†;†+ †++ ∋ ∋++;†;†+ ≈+≈†∞∋ †+∋† ∞∋⊥+≠∞+≈ †+∞ ≠++†∞ ≈+≤;∞†+ ≠;†++∞† ⊇∞≈†+++;≈⊥ ∋†† †+∋† ;≈ †∞†† +† ;†≈ ∞≈=;++≈∋∞≈†. 4≈≈∞∋;≈⊥ – +† ≤+∞+≈∞ – †+∋† †+∞ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ⊥++⊇∞≤†;+≈ ⊥∞†≈ ≤†∞∋≈∞+ †+∋≈ ;† ;≈ ≈+≠.

7+∞ +;≈;≈⊥ ⊥+;≤∞≈ †++ ≤+≈=∞≈†;+≈∋† †∞∞†≈ ≠;†† ++⊥∞†∞††+ ∋≤≤∞†∞+∋†∞ †+∞ †+∞≈⊇ †+≠∋+⊇≈ ∞≤+-†+;∞≈⊇†+ †+∋≈≈⊥++†∋†;+≈.

1≈ ≈⊥;†∞ +† †+∞ ≈†;†† =∞++ +;⊥+ ⊥+;≤∞≈, †+∞+∞ ≠+≈’† +∞ ∋ +∞∋†;≈†;≤ ∋††∞+≈∋†;=∞ †+ ∞†∞≤†+;≤ ≤∋+≈, ;† †+∞ ⊥+;=∋†∞ †+∋≈≈⊥++† ≤+≈†;≈∞∞≈ †+ ⊥++≠ †+∞ ≠∋+ ;† +∋≈. 7+∞ +;≈;≈⊥ ∞≤+†+⊥;≤∋† ∋≠∋+∞≈∞≈≈ ∋≈⊇ †+∞ ∋†+∞∋⊇+ ∋⊇=∋≈≤∞⊇ ⊇∞≈†+∞≤†;+≈ +† †+∞ ∞≈=;++≈∋∞≈† ≠;†† ∋†≈+ ≤+≈†+;+∞†∞ †+ †+∞ ≈+;†† ;≈ †+∞ †+∋≈≈⊥++†∋†;+≈ ≈+≈†∞∋. 9=∞≈ †++∞⊥+ ≈∞∋∞++∞≈ ⊥+++†∞∋≈ ∋≈⊇ ⊇;††;≤∞††;∞≈ ⊇+ ≈†;†† +≤≤∞+ ;≈ †+∞ ⊥++⊇∞≤†;+≈ ∋≈⊇ ∞≈∋⊥∞ +† ∞-≤∋+≈, †;∋∞ ∋≈⊇ †∞≤+≈+†+⊥;≤∋† ;∋⊥++=∞∋∞≈† ≠+≈’† ≈†+⊥ ∋≈⊇ ⊥†∋+≈ ∋†+∞∋⊇+ †+∞ ∋∋;≈ ++†∞ †+≠∋+⊇≈ ≤+∞∋⊥∞+ ⊥∞+≤+∋≈∞ ∞≈⊇ ⊥++⊇∞≤†;+≈. (7+∞ 9≤+≈+∋;≈† – 4 ⊥†++∋† †+=∞ ∋††∋;+. 2008; 7+.....

0+≈≤†∞≈;+

9†∞≤†+;≤ ≤∋+≈ ++;≈⊥ ∋†+≈⊥ ⊇;=∞+≈∞ ;≈†∞+∞≈†;≈⊥ ∋≈⊥∞≤†≈: 8+≠ ∋+∞ †+∞ ≤∋+ ⊥∋+†≈ ⊥++⊇∞≤∞⊇? 3+∞+∞ ⊇+∞≈ †+∞ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ≤+∋∞ †++∋? 8+≠ ∞≈=;++≈∋∞≈†∋††+ †+;∞≈⊇†+ ;≈ †+∞ ≠++†∞ ⊥+≠∞+ ⊥++⊇∞≤†;+≈ ≈+≈†∞∋? 8+≠ ⊇+∞≈ ∋ ≈∋∋+† ⊥+;⊇ ≠++∂ ∋≈⊇ ⊇+∞≈ ;† ∞=∞≈ ∞≠;≈†? 1≈ †+∞ †∞≤+≈+†+⊥+ ∋†+∞∋⊇+ ∋∋†∞+∞ ∞≈+∞⊥+? 4+∞ +∋††∞+;∞≈ †+≈⊥ †∋≈†;≈⊥ ∞≈+∞⊥+ †+ ⊥++=;⊇∞ ∋ ≈⊥∞≤;†;≤ +∋≈⊥∞? … 7+∞+∞ ∋+∞ ∋ †+† ∋++∞ ⊥∞∞≈†;+≈≈ †;∂∞ †+∞≈∞ ∋≈⊇ +∋+⊇†+ +≈∞ +† †+∞∋ ≤∋≈ +∞ ∋≈≈≠∞+∞⊇ ≠;†+ ∋ +∞≈⊇+∞⊇ ⊥∞+≤∞≈† ≤∞+†∋;≈†+.

7+;≈ ;≈ ≤∋∞≈∞⊇ ++ †+∞ †∋≤† †+∋†, ∞=∞≈ †++∞⊥+ †+∞ †;+≈† ∞†∞≤†+;≤ ≤∋+ ≠∋≈ ⊥++⊇∞≤∞⊇ ;≈ †+∞ †;+≈† +∋†† +† †+∞ 19†+ ≤∞≈†∞++, †+∞ †∞≤+≈+†+⊥+ ⊇∞=∞†+⊥∋∞≈† ;≈ ≈†;†† ≈+† †;≈;≈+∞⊇. 7∞≤+≈;≤;∋≈≈ ≈†;†† †++ †+ ∞=+†=∞ ∋≈⊇ ;∋⊥++=∞ ∞-≤∋+≈, ≠+;†∞ +†+∞+≈ †++ †+ ∋∋∂∞ †+∞∋ ∋≈ ∋††++⊇∋+†∞ †++ ∋†† ∋≈ ⊥+≈≈;+†∞.

China is now investing a lot of effort and money into the electric car technology to become market leader on a global scale. This shows us that finally emerging markets are catching up with an ecological way of thinking and the world seems to understand that the environment cannot be treated as it has been in the last decades.

Certainly this kind of change cannot be done overnight and so China’s energy production still calls attention by its large amount of dirty coal power plants. Hopefully China is truly thinking about becoming energy autarkic with the aid of renewable energies and not only pretending to because of further growth expectations and image reasons.

In the end we can look to the future full of expectations. As long as automobile producing companies go along with the trend of a more sustainable transportation system, fossil fuel prices keep going up, the society gives some pressure towards eco-development and emerging markets with an enormously fast growing population do also concentrate on getting cleaner vehicles the future looks quite attractive.

China’s ambitions for electric cars will hopefully also swop to India, Brazil and other populous countries, who will definitely be the main influencers in the fu.....

This paragraph has been concealed!Download the complete document
DownloadAsia’s hunger for energy - Managing the global energy challenges
Click on download to get complete and readable text
• This is a free of charge document sharing network
Upload a document and get this one for free
• No registration necessary, gratis

3;+†;+⊥+∋⊥++

090 – 0+;≈∋ 9≠⊥∞+† 0+≈≈∞††;≈⊥.2011. “0+;≈∋ 9≈∞+⊥;∞ 3+∋≈≤+∞ &∋∋⊥; 0+;≈∋ 0∋≠∞†† 3+∋≈≤+∞“.

&††; (12.05.2011).

9≤+∋∋†† – ∋ ⊥†∋≤∞ †+ +∞†⊥ ≈∋=∞ †+∞ ∞∋+†+. ≈.+. “7+∞ 4⊇=∋≈†∋⊥∞≈ +† ∞†∞≤†+;≤ =∞+;≤†∞≈”. &††; (07.05.2011).

914 - 0.3. 9≈∞+⊥+ 1≈†++∋∋†;+≈ 4⊇∋;≈;≈†+∋†;+≈.2010. “1≈⊇∞⊥∞≈⊇∞≈† 3†∋†;≈†;≤≈ &∋∋⊥; 4≈∋†+≈;≈”.

&††; (07.05.2011).

3∋††∞+;∞ 9†∞∂†++∋∞†+ ∋∞† 2++∋∋+≈≤+. ≈.+.„9†∞∂†++∋∞†+ †ä++† 3†+∞≤∂∞≈-3∞††+∞∂++⊇“.

&††; (05.05.2011).

9†∞∂†++∋∞†+ 4+†++. 2010.„2;∞††∋†† ;∋ 4+†+++∋∞∋ ∞≈⊇ ⊇;∞ ⊥++ß∞≈ 0≈+∞∂∋≈≈†∞≈“.

&††;

9≈∞+⊥;∞-3⊥;∞⊥∞† 4+. 17. 2006. „6∋≤†≈ †ü+ ⊇;∞ 9≈∞+⊥;∞⊥+†;†;∂ =+≈ ∋++⊥∞≈“.

&††; (12.05.2011).

6+∞∞≈6∞∋+. ≈.+. “2∞+;≤†∞ †+ 6+;⊇ (226) – 9†∞∂†++∋∞†+ ∋∋ 4∞†=”. &††; (07.05.2011).

194 - 1≈†∞+≈∋†;+≈∋† 9≈∞+⊥+ 4⊥∞≈≤+. 2010. “9∞+ 3++†⊇ 9≈∞+⊥+ 3†∋†;≈†;≤≈”.&††; (07.05.2011).

194 - 1≈†∞+≈∋†;+≈∋† 9≈∞+⊥+ 4⊥∞≈≤+. 2011. “0≈;† 0+≈=∞+†∞+”.&††; (07.05.2011).

7∋+∋;≈;∞, 1∋∋∞≈; 7+≠++, 1++≈.2003. “9†∞≤†+;≤ 2∞+;≤†∞ 7∞≤+≈+†+⊥+ ∞≠⊥†∋;≈∞⊇”.9≈⊥†∋≈⊇. 1++≈ 3;†∞+ &∋∋⊥; 3+≈≈ 7†⊇.

7∞;†∋∋≈, 3∞†+; 3+∋≈†, 3++. 2009. “3∞;†⊇ ++∞+ +≠≈ ∞†∞≤†+;≤ =∞+;≤†∞”. 034. 4≤6+∋≠-8;†† 0+∋.....

7;≈⊇∞, 4+=;⊇. 2010. “9†∞≤†+;≤ 0∋+≈ – 7+∞ †∞†∞+∞ ;≈ ≈+≠! 5+∞+ 6∞;⊇∞ †+ †+∞ ≤∋+≈ ++∞ ≤∋≈ +∞+ ≈+≠ ∋≈⊇ ≠+∋† †+∞ †∞†∞+∞ ++†⊇≈”. 9≈⊥†∋≈⊇.2∞†+≤∞ 0∞+†;≈+;≈⊥ 7;∋;†∞⊇.

4∋≤∂, 9+;≤; 3∋†∞+∋∋≈, 4;≤+∋∞†.≈.+. “7+∞ 8;≈∋⊇=∋≈†∋⊥∞≈ +† 9†∞≤†+;≤ 0∋+≈”.0≈: 2∞+;≠ - 4∞†+∋+†;=∞ 4+†;≤†∞≈.

&††; (07.05.2011).


0∞+∞∞†∞≤†+;≤.∞≈. 2008. “9†∞≤†+;≤ 2∞+;≤†∞ 9††;≤;∞≈≤+”.

&††; (07.05.2011).


59421. 2010. “5∞≈∞≠∋+†∞≈ 2010 6†++∋† 3†∋†∞≈ 5∞⊥++†”.&††; (07.05.2011).

3⊥;∞⊥∞†.⊇∞ 2010. “0+;≈∋ ≠;†† 32 4†+∋∂+∋††≠∞+∂∞ +∋∞∞≈”.

&††; (12.05.2011).

7+∞ 9≤+≈+∋;≈†. 2008. “4 ≈∞+=∞+ +† ≤∋+≈ ;≈ ∞∋∞+⊥;≈⊥ ∋∋+∂∞†≈: 4 6†++∋† 7+=∞ 4††∋;+ - 9∋∞+⊥;≈⊥ ∋∋+∂∞†≈ ∋+∞ †+∞ ≤∋+ ;≈⊇∞≈†++’≈ +;⊥ ++⊥∞”. &††; (12.05.2011).

7+∞ 9≤+≈+∋;≈†. 2011. “0∞≈†+∋† ⊥†∋≈≈;≈⊥ †∋∂∞≈ ∋ +†∋≤∂ ∞+∞”.

&††;

7+∞ 3∞∞∂. 2010. “7+∞ †∞†∞+∞ +† †+∞ ∞†∞≤†+;≤ ≤∋+ – 4††∞+ +∞∋+≈ +† †∋†∂ +∞† †;†††∞ ∋≤†;+≈, ∋∞†+∋∋∂∞+≈ ∋+∞ ≈†∋+†;≈⊥ †+ ≤+∞+≈ +∞† ∋††-∞†∞≤†+;≤ =∞+;≤†∞≈. 3∞† ≠;†† ∋≈++≈∞ +∞+ †+∞∋?”.&††; (12.05.2011).

0.3. 9≈=;++≈∋∞≈†∋† 0++†∞≤†;+≈ 4⊥∞≈≤+. ≈.+. “9≈∞+⊥+ 5∞⊥∞;+∞∋∞≈†≈ – 4⊇=∋≈≤∞⊇ 7∞≤+≈+†+⊥;∞≈ &∋∋⊥; 9≈∞+⊥+ 9††;≤;∞≈≤+”.

< (07.05.2011).

User: Omegatron. 2007. “World Energy Usage Width Chart.Svg”.from: Wikipedia – The Free Encyclopedia. < (03.05.2011).

Westbrook, Michael H. 2005. “Development and future of battery, hybrid and fuel cell cars”. Cambridge.Macreth Media Service, Hemel Hempstead.

Wikipedia- Die freieEnzykolpädie. 2011. “Alessandro Vo.....

This paragraph has been concealed!Download the complete document
DownloadAsia’s hunger for energy - Managing the global energy challenges
Click on download to get complete and readable text
• This is a free of charge document sharing network
Upload a document and get this one for free
• No registration necessary, gratis

5∋+, 4∞+∋∞†. 2010. “9†∞∂†++∋++;†;†ä†. 7+∞++∞†;≈≤+∞ 6+∞≈⊇†∋⊥∞≈, 8∞+∋∞≈†++⊇∞+∞≈⊥∞≈ ≈+≠;∞ 0+∋≈≤∞≈ ∞≈⊇ 5;≈;∂∞≈ ⊇∞+ 9†∞∂†++∋++;†;†ä†, ⊇;≈∂∞†;∞+† ∋≈ ⊇∞+ 0∋≈∞†=∞≈⊥≈∋ö⊥†;≤+∂∞;† ;≈ ⊇∞+ 0+∋≠;≈“. 6+∋≈∂†∞+† ∋∋ 4∋;≈. 1≈†∞+≈∋†;+≈∋†∞+ 2∞+†∋⊥ ⊇∞+ 3;≈≈∞≈≈≤+∋††.

7;†∞† 7+∞ 6∞+⊥+†;†;≤≈ +† 9≈∞+⊥+: 03, 0+;≈∋ ∋≈⊇ 5∞≈≈;∋

4∞†+++≈ 4∋+†;≈ 6∞⊥⊥∞≈+∞+⊥∞+

9∞+≈†;≈ 3≤++⊥†

4≈†+≈ 3∞≈†;≤

8∋†∞ 4⊥+;† 2011

1&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥; 1≈†++⊇∞≤†;+≈

4+≠∋⊇∋+≈ †+∞ ≠++†⊇ †∋≤∞≈ ∋ ≤+≈≈†∋≈††+ ≤+∋≈⊥;≈⊥ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ≈≤∞≈∞. 2+†∋†;†∞ +;† ++ ⊥∋≈ ⊥+;≤∞≈, ⊥+≠∞+†∞† ≈∞≠ ≤+≈≈∞∋∞+≈ ;≈ †+∞ 4≈;∋≈ +∞⊥;+≈ ∋≈⊇ †+∞ ⊥+†;†;≤∋† ;≈≈†∋+;†;†+ ;≈ †+∞ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ⊥++⊇∞≤;≈⊥ +∞⊥;+≈≈ †∞∋⊇ †+ ;≈≈∞≤∞+∞ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ∋∋+∂∞†≈. 7+∞+∞†++∞ ⊥∞+⊥+†;†;≤∋† ≈†+∋†∞⊥;∞≈ ∋+∞ ≈∞∞⊇∞⊇ †+ ∞≠∞+† ⊥∞+⊥+∋⊥++, ⊥+†;†;≤≈ ∋≈⊇ ∞≤+≈+∋;≤≈ ;≈††∞∞≈≤∞ +≈ ;≈†∞+≈∋†;+≈∋† +∞†∋†;+≈≈.

3∞≈;⊇∞≈, †+∞ ≤+∞≈†+;∞≈ ≤+∞†⊇ ∋†≈+ +∞ ;≈††∞∞≈≤∞⊇ ;≈ †+∞;+ †++∞;⊥≈ ⊥+†;≤;∞≈ ∋≈ ≠∞†† ∋≈ ;≈ †+∞;+ ∞≤+≈+∋;≤≈ ∋≈⊇ ⊥+†;†;≤∋† ≈∞≤∞+;†+. 7+;≈ ;≈ †+∞ +∞∋≈+≈ ≠++ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ⊥+†;≤;∞≈ ∋≈⊇ ≈†+∋†∞⊥;∞≈ ⊥†∋+ ∋≈ ;∋⊥++†∋≈† ++†∞ ;≈ †+∞ ⊥∞+⊥+†;†;≤≈ +† ∋≈+ ≤+∞≈†++, ∋≈⊇ ∞=∞≈ ∋++∞ ;† †+∞ ≤+∞≈†++ ;≈, ++ †+;∞≈ †+ +∞ +≈∞ +† †+∞ ⊥+∞∋† ⊥+≠∞+≈ +≈ †+∞ ;≈†∞+≈∋†;+≈∋† ≈≤∞≈∞. 7+∞ ∋;∋ +† †+∞ †;+≈† ≤+∋⊥†∞+ ;≈ †+ ⊥;=∞ ∋ ≈+++† ⊇∞†;≈;†;+≈ +† †+∞ “⊥∞+⊥+†;†;≤≈ +† ∞≈∞+⊥+” ∋≈⊇ ≠;†† ∞∋.....

1≈ †+∞ ≈∞≤+≈⊇, †+;+⊇ ∋≈⊇ †+∞+†+ ≤+∋⊥†∞+ +† †+;≈ ≠++∂ †+∞ ⊥∞+⊥+†;†;≤≈ +† †+∞ 0≈;†∞⊇ 3†∋†∞≈ +† 4∋∞+;≤∋, †+∞ 0∞+⊥†∞´≈ 5∞⊥∞+†;≤ +† 0+;≈∋ ∋≈⊇ †+∞ 5∞≈≈;∋≈ 6∞⊇∞+∋†;+≈ ∋+∞ ∋≈∋†+=∞⊇ +≈ †+∞ +∋≈∞ +† †+∞ ≤∞++∞≈† ∞≈∞+⊥+ ≤+≈≈∞∋⊥†;+≈ +† †++≈∞ ≈†∋†∞≈, †+∞;+ ⊇+∋∞≈†;≤ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ⊥++⊇∞≤†;+≈ ∋≈⊇ †+∞;+ ≈∞∞⊇≈ †++ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ;∋⊥++†≈. 4††∞+ †+∞ ∋≈∋†+≈;≈ ≈+∋∞ +† †+∞ ≤∞++∞≈† ∋≈⊇ ⊥+∞⊇;≤†∞⊇ ⊥∞+⊥+†;†;≤≈ +† ∞≈∞+⊥+ +† ∞∋≤+ +† †+∞ ++≈∞+=∞⊇ ≤+∞≈†+;∞≈ ≠;†† +∞ ⊇;≈≤∞≈≈∞⊇.

2&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥; 6∞+⊥+†;†;≤≈ +† †+∞ 0≈;†∞⊇ 3†∋†∞≈ +† 4∋∞+;≤∋

7+;≈ ≤+∋⊥†∞+ †+≤∞≈∞≈ +≈ ≈∞=∞+∋† ∋+∞∋≈ ⊇;+∞≤††+ +∞†∞=∋≈† †+ †+∞ ⊥∞+⊥+†;†;≤∋† ⊇∞≤;≈;+≈≈ +† †+∞ 0≈;†∞⊇ 3†∋†∞≈, ;≈≤†∞⊇;≈⊥ †+∞ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ≤+≈≈∞∋⊥†;+≈ ⊥†∞≈ †++∞≤∋≈†≈, †+∞ ≤∞++∞≈† ∋;≠ +† ∞≈∞+⊥+ ≈+∞+≤∞≈ †+ ∋∞∞† ⊇∞∋∋≈⊇, †+∞ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ⊥++⊇∞≤†;+≈ ∋≈⊇ †+∞ ;∋⊥++† +† ⊥+;∋∋++ ∞≈∞+⊥+. 6∞+†+∞+∋++∞ ⊥∞+⊥+†;†;≤∋† ≈†+∋†∞⊥;∞≈ ≤+≈≤∞+≈;≈⊥ †+∞ ⊥∞†† +∞⊥;+≈ ∋≈⊇ †+∞ 4∋+∞≤≤+ ⊥;⊥∞†;≈∞ ≠+∞†⊇ +∞ ⊇;≈≤∞≈≈∞⊇.

2.1&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥; 9≈∞+⊥+ ≤+≈≈∞∋⊥†;+≈

6;+≈† +† ∋†† ;† ;≈ ≈∞≤∞≈≈∋++ †+ †∋∂∞ ∋ †++∂ ∋† †+∞ 0.3. ∞≈∞+⊥+ ≤+≈≈∞∋⊥†;+≈ †+ ∞≈⊇∞+≈†∋≈⊇ ∋≈⊇ ∋≈∋†+≈∞ †+∞ ⊥∞+⊥+†;†;≤≈ +† ∞≈∞+⊥+.

8∞∞ †+ †+∞ +;⊥+†+ ⊇∞=∞†+⊥∞⊇ ∋≈⊇ ;≈⊇∞≈†+;∋†;=∞⊇ ≈+≤;∞†+ †+∞ 0≈;†∞⊇ 3†∋†∞≈ ∞≈∞ ∋ +;⊥+ =+†∞∋∞ +† ∞≈∞+⊥+. 7+∞ ⊥∞+ ≤∋⊥;†∋ ≤+≈≈∞∋⊥†;+≈ ∋≤≤+∞≈†∞⊇ ;≈ 2007 ∋++∞† 8,000 ∂;†+ +;† ∞⊥∞;=∋†∞≈†, †≠;≤∞ †+∞ ∋∋+∞≈† +† ∋≈ 4∞≈†+;∋≈ ≤+≈≈∞∋∞+ (3,997 ∂;†+) (7+∞ 3++†⊇ 3∋≈∂ &††; (30.03.2011)). 7+∞ †+†∋† ≤+≈≈∞∋⊥†;+≈ ;≈ 2009 ∋∋+∞≈†≈ †+ 94.6 ⊥∞∋⊇+;††;+≈ +†∞.

Figure 1: Share of Energy Consumed by Major Sectors of the Economy in 2009

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration

, (2.....

This paragraph has been concealed!Download the complete document
DownloadAsia’s hunger for energy - Managing the global energy challenges
Click on download to get complete and readable text
• This is a free of charge document sharing network
Upload a document and get this one for free
• No registration necessary, gratis


19% ≠∋≈ ∞≈∞⊇ ++ †+∞ ≤+∋∋∞+≤;∋† ≈∞≤†++, ≠+;≤+ ;≈≤†∞⊇∞≈ ⊇;††∞+∞≈† +∞;†⊇;≈⊥≈ †;∂∞ ++≈⊥;†∋†≈, ++†∞†≈, ≈≤+++†≈ ++ +††;≤∞≈. 7+∞ +∞≈;⊇∞≈†;∋† ≈∞≤†++ ≤+∋⊥+;≈∞≈ ++∋∞≈ ∋≈⊇ ∋⊥∋+†∋∞≈†≈, ≤+≈≈∞∋∞ 22% +† †+†∋† ∞≈∞+⊥+ ≤+≈≈∞∋⊥†;+≈. 6++ †+∋≈≈⊥++†;≈⊥ ⊥∞+⊥†∞≈ ∋≈⊇ ⊥++⊇≈ 29% +† †+†∋† ≤+≈≈∞∋⊥†;+≈ +∋≈ +∞∞≈ ≈∞∞⊇∞⊇. 4≈⊇ †+∞ ;≈⊇∞≈†+;∋† ≈∞≤†++ ≠+;≤+ ;≈≤†∞⊇∞≈ ∋∋≈∞†∋≤†∞+;≈⊥ †∋≤;†;†;∞≈, ∋⊥+;≤∞††∞+∞, ∋;≈;≈⊥ ∋≈⊇ ≤+≈≈†+∞≤†;+≈, ∞≠⊥∞≈⊇ 30%.

6;⊥∞+∞ 2: 0.3. 9≈∞+⊥+ 0+≈≈∞∋⊥†;+≈ ++ 9≈∞+⊥+ 3+∞+≤∞ ;≈ 2009

3+∞+≤∞: 0.3. 9≈∞+⊥+ 1≈†++∋∋†;+≈ 4⊇∋;≈;≈†+∋†;+≈

&††; &⊥†;, (25.03.2011)

7+ ⊥++=;⊇∞ †+∞ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ≈∞+=;≤∞≈ ⊇;††∞+∞≈† ≈+∞+≤∞≈ ∋+∞ ∞≈∞⊇. 1≈ 2009 †+∞ ∋+≈† ≤+∋∋+≈†+ ∞≈∞⊇ ≈+∞+≤∞ ≠∋≈ ⊥∞†++†∞∞∋ (37%). 25% +† †+†∋† ∞≈∞+⊥+ ≤+≈≈∞∋⊥†;+≈ ;≈ ≤+=∞+∞⊇ ≠;†+ ≈∋†∞+∋† ⊥∋≈ ∋≈⊇ 21% ≠;†+ ≤+∋†. 4∞≤†∞∋+ ∞†∞≤†+;≤ ⊥+≠∞+ ≠∋≈ ∞≈∞⊇ †+ ≈∞⊥⊥†+ 9% +† ⊇∞∋∋≈⊇. 4≈⊇ +≈†+ 8% +† †+†∋† ∞≈∞+⊥+ ∞≈∞ ∋+∞ ⊥∞≈∞+∋†∞⊇ ++ +∞≈∞≠∋+†∞ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ;≈≤†∞⊇;≈⊥ ≈+†∋+ (1%), ⊥∞+†+∞+∋∋† (5%), +;+∋∋≈≈ ≠∋≈†∞ (6%), ≠;≈⊇ (9%), +;+†∞∞†≈ (20%), ≠++⊇ (24%) ∋≈⊇ ++⊇++⊥+≠∞+ (35%).

6;⊥∞+∞ 3: 8∞†;=∞+∞⊇ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ≤+≈≈∞∋⊥†;+≈ ++ ≈∞≤†++

3+∞+≤∞: 0.3. 9≈∞+⊥+ 1≈†++∋∋†;+≈ 4⊇∋;≈;≈†+∋†;+≈

&††; &⊥†;, (23.03.2011)

0≈ †+;≈ ≤+∋+† ≠∞ ≤∋≈ ≈∞∞ ∋ †++∞≤∋≈† +† ⊇∞†;=∞+∞⊇ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ≤+≈≈∞∋⊥†;+≈ ++ ≈∞≤†++ ∞≈†;† 2035. 7+∞ †;⊥∞+∞ ≈++≠≈, †+∋† ∞≈∞+⊥+ ∞≈∞ ≠;†† ;≈≤+∞∋≈∞ ≈†∞∋⊇;†+. 1≈ 2035 †+∞ ≤+∋∋∞+≤;∋† ≈∞≤†++ ≠;†† ≈∞∞⊇ ∋++∞† 11 ⊥∞∋⊇+;††;+≈ +†∞ ∋≈⊇ †+∞ +∞≈;⊇∞≈†;∋† ≈∞≤†++ ≠;†† †∞=∞† +∞† ∋† ∋ =∋†∞∞ +† ∋⊥⊥++≠;∋∋†∞†+ 12 ⊥∞∋⊇+;††;+≈ +†∞. 4††∞+ †+∞ ⊇∞⊥+∞≈≈;+≈ ;≈ 2009 †+∞ ≤+≈≈∞∋⊥†;+≈ +† †+∞ ;≈⊇∞≈†+;∋† ≈∞≤†++ ≠;†† ;≈≤+∞∋≈∞ ∋⊥∋;≈ ∋≈⊇ ≠;†† +∞∋≤+ 28 ⊥∞∋⊇+;††;+≈ +†∞ ;≈ 2035. 7+∞ ;≈††∞∞≈≤∞ +† †+∞ ⊇∞⊥+∞≈≈;+≈ ∋⊥⊥†;∞≈ †+ †+∞ †+∋≈.....

3∞† ∋††∞+ †+∞ +∞⊥∞≈∞+∋†;+≈ †+∞ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ∞≈∞ ≠;†† +;≈∞ ∞≈†;† 2035 †+ 31 ⊥∞∋⊇+;††;+≈ +†∞.

2.2&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥; 9≈∞+⊥+ ⊥++⊇∞≤†;+≈

6;⊥∞+∞ 4: 0.3. 0+;∋∋++ 9≈∞+⊥+ 0++⊇∞≤†;+≈ ++ 4∋{++ 3+∞+≤∞ (2009)

3+∞+≤∞: 0.3. 9≈∞+⊥+ 1≈†++∋∋†;+≈ 4⊇∋;≈;≈†+∋†;+≈

&††; &⊥†;, (25.03.2011)

3;≈≤∞ †+∞ ∋;⊇-1980≈ ≤+∋† ;≈ †+∞ †∞∋⊇;≈⊥ ≈+∞+≤∞ †+ ⊥++⊇∞≤∞ ∞≈∞+⊥+, †+††+≠∞⊇ ++ ≈∋†∞+∋† ⊥∋≈ ≈+† ;≈≤†∞⊇;≈⊥ †;⊥∞;⊇ ⊥∋≈. 8∞∞ †+ +;† ≤+;≈;≈ †+∞ ≤+∞⊇∞ +;† ⊥++⊇∞≤†;+≈ ⊇∞≤†;≈∞⊇ ≈+∋+⊥†+ ;≈ †+∞ ∋;⊇-1980≈ ∋≈⊇ +∋≈∂ †+;+⊇ ;≈ 2009. 4∞≤†∞∋+ 9†∞≤†+;≤ 0+≠∞+ ⊥++⊇∞≤†;+≈ ⊥†∋+∞⊇, ≠;†+ 8 ⊥∞∋⊇+;††;+≈ +†∞, ∋†≈+ ∋ ≈;⊥≈;†;≤∋≈† ++†∞. 0≈†++†∞≈∋†∞†+ 8+⊇++∞†∞≤†+;≤ 0+≠∞+, 3;+∋∋≈≈ ∋≈⊇ +†+∞+ +∞≈∞≠∋+†∞ †∞≤+≈+†+⊥;∞≈ †;∂∞ ≠;≈⊇ ++ ≈+†∋+ ⊥†∋+∞⊇ +≈†+ ∋ ≈∞≤+≈⊇∋++ ++†∞.

2.3&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;
1∋⊥++† &∋∋⊥; 9≠⊥++†

Figure 5: Primary Energy Overview

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration

< >, (24.03.2011)

Until the late 1950s the United States were able to meet their demand with domestic sources, but then the consumption starts to outpace the production. To fill the gaps between energy use and production primary energy has to be imported. In 2009 net imported energy accounted for 24% of all energy consumed and about 7 quadrillion btu energy were exported.

6;⊥∞+∞ 6: 0.3. 0+;∋∋++ 9≈∞+⊥+ 1∋⊥++†≈ ∋≈⊇ 9≠⊥++†≈

3+∞+≤∞: 0.3. 9≈∞+⊥+ 1≈†++∋∋†;+≈ 4⊇∋;≈;≈†+∋†;+≈

&††; &⊥†;, (25.03.2011)

7+∞ ∋∋{++ ;∋⊥++†∞⊇ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ≈+∞+≤∞ ;≈ 2009 ≠∋≈ ⊥∞†++†∞∞∋, ;≈≤†∞⊇;≈⊥ ≤+∞⊇∞ +;† ∋≈⊇ ⊥∞†++†∞∞∋ ⊥++⊇∞≤†≈ (85%), †+††+≠∞⊇ ++ ≈∋†∞+∋† ⊥∋≈ (13%). 0+∋†, ≤+∂∞, +;+ †∞∞† ∋≈⊇ ∞†∞≤†+;≤;†+ +∞;†⊇ †+∞ +∞∋∋;≈;≈⊥ 2%.

7+∞ ∋∋;≈ ∞≠⊥++†∞⊇ ∞≈∞+⊥+ ∋≤≤+∞≈†∞⊇ †++ 61% ≠∋≈ ⊥∞†++†∞∞∋, †+††+≠∞⊇ ++ ≤+∋† ≠;†+ ∋++∞† 22% ∋≈⊇ ≈∋†∞+∋† ⊥∋≈ ≠;†+ ∋⊥⊥++≠;∋∋†∞†+ 16%.7+∞ +∞∋∋;≈;≈⊥ 1% ;≈≤†∞⊇∞ ≤+∂∞, +;+ †∞∞†≈ ∋≈⊇ ∞†∞≤†+;≤;†+.

2.4&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥; 6∞+⊥+†;†;≤∋† 3†+∋†∞⊥;∞≈

7+∞ 0≈;†∞⊇ 3†∋†∞≈ ⊇∞⊥∞≈⊇≈ ∋++∞ †+∋≈ ∞=∞+ +≈ †++∞;⊥≈ ≈+∞+≤∞≈ ∋≈⊇ †+;≈ ⊇∞⊥∞≈⊇∞≈≤∞ ;≈ ∞≠⊥∞≤†∞⊇ †+ ⊥++≠. 8∞∞ †+ †+∞ +∞⊥∞ ∋∋+∞≈† +† ;∋⊥++† ∞≈∞+⊥+ †+∞ ≈∋†;+≈ +∋≈ †+ ∋∋⊥ +∞† ≈†+∋†∞⊥;∞≈ †+ ≈∞≤∞+∞ †+∞ †∞††;†∋∞≈† +† ∞≈∞+⊥+ ⊇∞∋∋≈⊇. 4≈ ;∋⊥++†∋≈† ⊥∋+† +† †++≈∞ ⊥+†;≤;∞≈ ;≈ †+ ∞≈†∋+†;≈+ ∋≈⊇ ≤∞††;=∋†∞ ⊇;⊥†+∋∋†;≤ ∋≈⊇ ∞≤+≈+∋;≤ +∞†∋†;+≈≈+;⊥≈ †+ †+∞ †+⊥ ≈∞⊥⊥†;∞+≈.

1≈ †+;≈ ≈∞+≤+∋⊥†∞+ ≠∞ ≠;†† ∋≈∋†+=∞ †+∞ ≈+∞+≤∞≈ +† +;† ∋≈⊇ ≈∋†∞+∋† ⊥∋≈ ;∋⊥++†≈ ∋≈⊇ ≠∞ ≠;†† †+≤∞≈ +≈ †≠+ .....

2.4.1&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥; 6∞+⊥+†;†;≤∋†≈†+∋†∞⊥;∞≈≤+≈≤∞+≈;≈⊥+;†

6;⊥∞+∞ 7: 3+∞+≤∞≈ +† +;† ;∋⊥++†≈ (7+⊥ 15 ≤+∞≈†+;∞≈) +† 1∋≈∞∋++ 2011

3+∞+≤∞: 0.3. 9≈∞+⊥+ 1≈†++∋∋†;+≈ 4⊇∋;≈;≈†+∋†;+≈

< >, (24.03.2011)

This chart shows the sources of United States oil imports of January 2011. Over half of the everyday oil imports came from the Western Hemisphere. Canada, Mexico and Venezuela accounted with 50% for the bulk of these imports. The gulf region, including Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman and the United Arab Emirates, supplied about 20% of total oil imports. Nearly 14% came from Africa and Eurasian countries supplied about 9%.

In total generally 25 countries supply oil to the United States. This fact confirms the strategy of diversification of sources, which got mentioned in the “National Energy Report” of 2001, because a concentration on any one country is a potential contributor to market instability. [National Energy Policy Development Group. 2001: 134]

The gulf region

The following points should illustrate some reasons why the gulf region, mainly Iraq, plays an important role in the development of U.S. geopolitical strategies:

·         The gulf region produced in 2010 approximately 30% of the world’s oil (U.S. Energy Information Administration < >, (27.03.2011))and held slightly over 55% of the proved crude oil reserves (U.S. Energy Information Administration < >, (27......

7+∞ +;⊥+†+ ⊇∞=∞†+⊥∞⊇ ∋≈⊇ ;≈⊇∞≈†+;∋†;=∞⊇ ≤+∞≈†+;∞≈, ∞≈⊥∞≤;∋††+ †+∞ 0≈;†∞⊇ 3†∋†∞≈, ∋+∞ ⊇∞⊥∞≈⊇∞≈† +≈ +;† ≈∞⊥⊥†;∞≈ †++∋ †+∞ ⊥∞†† +∞⊥;+≈. 4≈⊇ ∋ +∋⊇;≤∋†;=∋†;+≈ +† †+;≈ +∞⊥;+≈ ≤+∞†⊇ †∞∋⊇ †+ ⊥+†;†;≤∋† ∋≈⊇ ∞≤+≈+∋;≤ ≤+≈≈∞⊥∞∞≈≤∞≈ ;≈ +++⊇∞+;≈⊥ ≤+∞≈†+;∞≈ ∋≈⊇ ∞=∞≈ ;≈ 4++†+ 4†+;≤∋, 4≈;∋ ++ 1≈⊇;∋, ≠+;≤+ ≤+∞†⊇ ∋††∞≤† †+∞ ∞≤+≈+∋+ +† †+∞ ≠∞≈†∞+≈ +∞∋;≈⊥+∞+∞(6++ß∋∋≈≈, 2003: 2).

1≈ “7+∞ ≈∞≠ †+∋≈≈∋††∋≈†;≤ ⊥++{∞≤†” †+∞ 4∞†+++≈, 5+≈∋†⊇ 8. 4≈∋∞≈ ∞≈⊇ 9∞≈≈∞†+ 4. 0+††∋≤∂, ∋+∞ +† †+∞ +⊥;≈;+≈ †+∋† †+∞ ⊥∞†† +∞⊥;+≈, ;≈≤†∞⊇;≈⊥ +++⊇∞+;≈⊥ ≤+∞≈†+;∞≈, ≈++∞†⊇ +∞≤+∋∞ ≠∞≈†∞+≈;=∞⊇ †+ ≈∞≤∞+∞ †+∞ +;† ⊥++⊇∞≤†;+≈ ∋≈⊇ ≈∞⊥⊥†+. 4≈⊇ ≈∞≤+ ≈†+∋†∞⊥;∞≈ ≤+≈≤∞+≈;≈⊥ ⊥+†;†;≤∋† ;≈≈†∋+†∞ ≤+∞≈†+;∞≈ ∋+∞ ∋++∞ ≤+≈≤†∞≈;=∞ ;† †+∞+ ∋+∞ ≤+≈≈∞≤†∞⊇ ≠;†+ †+∞ ⊇∞⊥†++∋∞≈† +† ∋;†;†∋++ †++≤∞≈(;+;⊇., 2003: 2).

7+∋≈∂≈ †+ †+∞ †∋=++∋+†∞ ≈;†∞∋†;+≈ +† 1+∋⊥ ∋ ∋;†;†∋++ ⊥+∞≈∞≈≤∞ ;≈ †+;≈ +∞⊥;+≈ ≤+∞†⊇ ∞≈≈∞+∞ ∋†≈+ †+∞ ≤+≈†∋;≈∋∞≈† ;† ≈+† †+∞ ;≈††∞∞≈≤∞ +† 5∞≈≈;∋≈ ∋≈⊇ 0+∞ ;≈†∞+∞≈†. 0† ≤+∞+≈∞ ≤+∞†⊇ ≤+≈††;≤†≈ +∞ ⊥+≈≈;+†∞ ≤+≈≈∞⊥∞∞≈≤∞≈. 3∞≈;⊇∞≈ †+∞ 1+∋⊥ ≤+∞†⊇ +∞ ∋≈ ∋≤≤∞≈≈ †+ +†+∞+ +;† ≈∞⊥⊥†+;≈⊥ ≤+∞≈†+;∞≈ ;≈ †+∞ ⊥∞†† +∞⊥;+≈(;+;⊇., 2003: 3).

7+ †;†† †+∞ ⊥∋⊥ +∞†≠∞∞≈ ⊇+∋∞≈†;≤ ⊥++⊇∞≤†;+≈ ∋≈⊇ ;≈≤+∞∋≈;≈⊥ ≤+≈≈∞∋⊥†;+≈, †+++∞⊥+ ;∋⊥++†≈, ;≈ †+∞ ∋∋;≈ †∋≈∂ +† †+∞ 0.3. ⊥∞+⊥+†;†;≤≈ +† ∞≈∞+⊥+. 7+∞+∞†++∞ †+∞ 0≈;†∞⊇ 3†∋†∞≈ ∋∞≈† †∋⊥ ≈∞≠ ≈+∞+≤∞≈ +† ;∋⊥++†≈, ∋†≈+ ;≈ †+∞ ⊥∞†† +∞⊥;+≈. 7+;≈ †∋≤† ∋≈⊇ †+∞ ∋∞≈†;+≈∞⊇ ⊥+;≈†≈ ≤∋≈†≈ ∋ ⊇∋∋≈;≈⊥ †;⊥+† +≈ †+∞ ∋;†;†∋++ ∋≤†;=;†;∞≈ ;≈ 1+∋⊥.

2.4.2&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥;&≈+≈⊥; 6∞+⊥+†;†;≤∋† ≈†+∋†∞⊥;∞≈ ≤+≈≤∞+≈;≈⊥ ≈∋†∞+∋† ⊥∋≈

6;⊥∞+∞ 8: 3+∞+≤∞≈ +† ≈∋†∞+∋† ⊥∋≈ ;∋⊥++†≈ +† 1∋≈∞∋++ 2011

3+∞+≤∞: 0.3. 9≈∞+⊥+ 1≈†++∋∋†;+≈ 4⊇∋;≈;≈†+∋†;+≈

7+;≈ ≤+∋+† ;††∞≈†+∋†∞≈ †+∞ ≈+∞+≤∞≈ +† 0.3. ≈∋†∞+∋† ⊥∋≈ ;∋⊥++†≈ +† 1∋≈∞∋++ 2011. 7+∞ 0≈;†∞⊇ 3†∋†∞≈ ;∋⊥++† †+∞;+ ≈∋†∞+∋† ⊥∋≈ ∋∋;≈†+ ++ ⊥;⊥∞† †++∋ 0∋≈∋⊇∋ ∋≈⊇ 4∞≠;≤+ (89%). 0≈†+ ∋ †;†††∞ ∋∋+∞≈†, ∋++∞† 11%, ⊥+† ;∋⊥++†∞⊇ ;≈ †++∋ +† †;⊥∞∞†;∞⊇ ≈∋†∞+∋† ⊥∋≈ †++∋ 9⊥+⊥†, 4++≠∋+, 0∞+∞, 0.....


Legal info - Data privacy - Contact - Terms-Authors - Terms-Customers -
Swap+your+documents